The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency was founded by President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1958, as the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). The organization’s purpose was to execute research and development projects to expand science and technology reaching beyond military requirements. Over the years the organization changed names multiple times: the current name, DARPA, was determined in 1996.

Independent of other military research and development efforts, DARPA reports directly to senior US Department of Defense management.

DARPA research and development is often credited as the source for the modern Internet.

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